A trial is usually the last step in the civil litigation process. The parties each present their evidence by calling witnesses to give oral testimony before the court. At the end of the trial and review of the evidence presented, the judge or jury will make a decision that is binding on the parties. Should a party not be satisfied with the decision made, an appeal may be started depending upon the circumstances which create their dissatisfaction.

Trials are very expensive and time consuming and are therefore not held as often as many people expect. Frequently cases settle at some point before a trial occurs, because enough disclosure has taken place to create a better understanding of their chances of success.